Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Portsmouth, 2002.
|Statement||by Rachel Anne Rose.|
Wilcock RA, Bull R, Vrij A () Aiding the performance of older eyewitnesses: enhanced non-biased line-up instructions and line-up presentation. Psychiat Psychol Law – Google Scholar Wise RA, Pawlenko NB, Safer MA, Meyer D () What US prosecutors and defence attorneys know and believe about eyewitness testimony. Recommendations for Lineups and Photospreads y L. Wells,1,7 Mark Small,2 Feared,3 Roy S. Malpass,Gar 4 Solomon M. Fulcro,5 and C. A. E. Brimacombe6 There is increasing evidence that fake eyewitness identification is the primary cause of the conviction of innocent people. In , the American Psychology/Law Society and. However, after more than 30 years of eyewitness-identification research, our understanding of how to properly conduct a lineup has evolved considerably, and the . Eyewitness Lineups: Identification from. but much more commonly are photographic lineups, composed of six to eight photos. Lineup type moderated performance accuracy, however. For target.
The confidence that eyewitnesses express in their lineup identifications of criminal suspects has a large impact on criminal proceedings. Many convictions of innocent people can . With regard to the reliability of eyewitness identifications, recent mock crime studies using a calibration approach have provided strong evidence that confidence in a suspect ID from a photo lineup can be a highly reliable indicator of accuracy (e.g., refs. 9 –12). Whether this is true of real eyewitnesses remains unknown and is the first Cited by: Thus, according to this measure, the 30 lineups that were randomly selected were, on average, fair. For purposes of our analyses, we assumed that the remaining lineups were also fair. Eyewitnesses who made a suspect ID or a filler ID were asked to supply a confidence rating on a 3-point scale (positive, strong tentative, or weak tentative).Cited by: Eyewitness Identification-Photographic Lineup Topic: Investigations and Enforcement DTB Date: SCENARIO: You and [Officer/Deputy] Keith Lewis are assigned to help with follow-up on a robbery case. Artie Sanders has been identified as a likely suspect, and you and [Officer/ Deputy] Lewis have been asked to present a photographic lineup to the.
eyewitnesses participated in the standard identification procedures, with 48 viewing a lineup containing a photo of the criminal and 48 a lineup in which the guilty party was replaced by a similar other. The remain-ing 96 participants first viewed a "blank" lineup containing no suspect and then were shown one of the lineups seen by other witnesses. Witnesses believe the perpetrator of the crime is one of the individuals included in the six-pack. Thus, there is pressure to select a person that even somewhat resembles the person they saw. As stated above, once a witness identifies a suspect, whether it be in a six-pack, show-up, or live lineup. The violation of a suspect's right to counsel during an identification results in the exclusion of testimony regarding the identification from trial. A witness who identified the suspect during the tainted lineup may make an in-court identification when the judge is persuaded that the in-court identification is "purged of the primary taint" and. 2 Eyewitness Identification Procedures. Police in the United States investigate millions of crimes each year. 1 Only a small percentage of the police-investigated crimes involve the use of police-arranged identification procedures. Identification procedures are unnecessary when, for example, the perpetrator is caught during the commission of the criminal act, as in the crime of .